The real question for Ireland, along with Greece (and soon to be Portugal, Spain, Italy, and maybe Belgium) is: What happens in 2013 when the EU bailout fund is supposed to wind down? All of these countries will still be bankrupt and dependent upon EU loans. Do we simply remove the EU guarantees and let these countries default, or is this a permanent bailout, courtesy of German and French taxpayers? This could be the real reason the market has little faith in the EU bailout. It is only a temporary stop-gap measure by a desperate EU elite who want to hold the Euro together at all cost. This is why Greek 10-year yr bonds are still trading at 12%, despite an explicit guarantee by the EU.
The market is starting to realize that come 2013, government bond holders (the great gods of capitalism who never take a loss) will be forced to accept a major haircut to the tune of 30-40%. If this is true, and investors are pricing this in, then do not expect Irish debt to rally very much on Monday, when the bailout is announced. Oh sure, it may rally the first day, but it should remain elevated (above 8%) for the foreseeable future until there is more clarity regarding the EU bailout fund through 2013.
Personally, I cannot see the German and French taxpayers agreeing to a permanent bailout of the PIIGS. You have already started to hear Ms. Merkel of Germany suggest that some reform to the bailout terms must happen in 2013 and investors should suffer for their foolish investments. This leads me to believe the end game in 2013 will be a forced debt restructuring. All of the PIIGS will give the bondholders a choice-- either accept the new terms or get nothing. The new terms will be a 30-40% reduction in principal along with an extension in duration. As a sweetener bondholders may get a slightly higher interest rate.
The only problem with this outcome is that German and French banks are large holders of PIIGS debt and would be negatively impacted to the point of insolvency. The chart below shows French and German banking exposure to the PIIGS.
click chart for larger image
Any debt restructuring of PIIGS debt would require the French and German governments to bail out their banks to help cushion the large write downs, which are currently marked at par. But the advantage of this is that it will not be until 2013, so it buys the EU elite some much need time and follows their extend and pretend routine.
The End of The Eurozone
While the EU bureaucrats claim the Euro is strong and safe, the die has already been cast, and the Euro is destined to collapse sooner or later. The catalyst will be when either one of the PIIGS leaves the EU to escape the ECB and regain monetary sovereignty or when the German taxpayers revolt and refuse to bailout irresponsible countries. Trust me, one of these will occur in the next 5 years; the only question is when. Do the Irish (or Greece, Portugal, and Spain for that matter) want to suffer a depression for the 5-10 years through more austerity, tight ECB monetary policy, and loss of financial sovereignty after the EU bailout? Or do they want to choose the easy way out through currency devaluation and money printing (or call it QE if you want)? Historically, this has been the preferred method for countries which want to wash away their sins and move on because the alternative is so much worse. If the PIIGS go through with the prolonged depression, they will suffer large brain drains as young people and entrepreneurs leave to go on to greener pastures. The loss of these economically important people will make it that much harder for these countries to rebuild their destroyed society.
In fact, the only reason the PIIGs have not already left is because their leaders are part of the European elite who see the EU as a political priority. No doubt it will take numerous riots and civil unrest before the PIIGS leaders get out of the EU. It will take time for the angry mobs to understand that it is the EU and the Euro which bankrupted their countries. Right now their only concern is budget cuts and laying public workers off. But as the depression continues, they will finally see the real culprit and demand (by peaceful or violent means) out of the EU. The whole EU project was flawed from the start with the puerile idea that you could rapidly integrate all European countries under the same monetary policy. It never made theoretical or empirical sense but was approved because the EU was a political project from day one. The goal was to create a sovereign EU superstate with immense power for the European elite. Thank God, their dream is crumbling and will never be realized. The market has put an end to the whole concept. And some say markets don't work!
Black Swan Insights
Irish Crisis Nears Endgame--5 Year CDS Surges To 495 bps
Which Country's Banking System Is At Most Risk?
Which EU Bank Has The Largest Exposure To Ireland?
How High Does Irish CDS Have To Rise Before It Is A Crisis?